c program to find minimum weight of the spanning tree by kruskal’s algorithm

 code:-

#include<stdio.h>
int parent[10]={0};
int find_parent(int); // function declaration
int is_cyclic(int,int);
int main()
{
int cost[10][10],min_cost=0,min,i,j,n,no_e=1,a,b,u,v,x;
printf(“Enter number of vertexn”);
scanf(“%d”,&n);
printf(“Enter weight in form of adjacency matrixn”);
// Input graph
for(i=1;i<=n;i++)
{
for(j=1;j<=n;j++)
{
scanf(“%d”,&cost[i][j]);
if(cost[i][j]==0)
cost[i][j]=999;
}
}
//logic for kruskal’s Algorithm
while(no_e<n)
{
min=999;
// finding Minimum weight in adjacency matrix
for(i=1;i<=n;i++)
{
for(j=1;j<=n;j++)
{
if(cost[i][j]<min)
{
min=cost[i][j];
a=u=i;
b=v=j;
}
}
}
// finding parent of the vertex from where edge is start
u=find_parent(u);
v=find_parent(v);
// Checking that after connecting the vertex is it create cycle
x=is_cyclic(u,v);
if(x==1)
{
printf(“n%d to %d”,a,b);
no_e++;
min_cost+=min;
}
cost[a][b]=cost[b][a]=999;
}
printf(“nMinimum cost of the spanning tree is %d”,min_cost);
return 0;
}

// function for finding parent of any vertex
int find_parent(int a)
{
while(parent[a]!=0)
a=parent[a];
return a;
}

// function for check Is edge create cycle after connecting the edges
// because cycle is not allow in spanning tree
int is_cyclic(int a ,int b)
{
if(a!=b)
{
parent[b]=a;
// a!=b then cycle is not created then return 1
return 1;
}
return 0;
}

Output:-

Enter number of vertex
6
Enter weight in form of adjacency matrix
0 4 4 0 0 0
4 0 2 0 0 0
4 2 0 3 2 4
0 0 3 0 0 3
0 0 2 0 0 3
0 0 4 3 3 0

2 to 3
3 to 5
3 to 4
4 to 6
1 to 2
Minimum cost of the spanning tree is 14



One thought on “c program to find minimum weight of the spanning tree by kruskal’s algorithm

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.